In parallel, the half-timbered style became popular for ordinary dwellings in towns and villages across the country.
The architecture of Denmark has its origins in the Viking period, richly revealed by archaeological finds.It became firmly established in the Middle Ages when first Romanesque, then Gothic churches and cathedrals sprang up throughout the country.Each house consisted of a large central hall, 18 m × 8 m (59 ft × 26 ft) and two smaller rooms, one at each end. 980) in the north of Jutland were 28.5 metres long, 5 metres wide (93.5 ft × 16.4 ft wide) at the ends and 7.5 m in the middle, the long walls curving slightly outwards.It was during this period that, in a country with little access to stone, brick became the construction material of choice, not just for churches but also for fortifications and castles.Under the influence of Frederick II and Christian IV, both of whom had been inspired by the castles of France, Dutch and Flemish designers were brought to Denmark, initially to improve the country's fortifications, but increasingly to build magnificent royal castles and palaces in the Renaissance style.
Archaeological excavations in various parts of Denmark have revealed much about the way the Vikings lived. Located some 45 km (28 mi) south of the Danish border near the German town of Schleswig, it probably dates back to the end of the 8th century.
The houses are deemed to be among the most sophisticated dwellings of their time.
Oak frames were used for the walls, and the roofs were probably thatched.
Viking ring houses, such as those at Trelleborg, near Slagelse on the Danish island of Zealand, have a rather different, ship-like shape, the long walls bulging outwards.
Neoclassicism came initially from France but was slowly adopted by native Danish architects who increasingly participated in defining architectural style.
A productive period of Historicism ultimately merged into the 19th century National Romantic style.