Substitutes: Perle, Target, Phoenix, EKG Chinook AA Range: 11 - 14% Beta: 3 - 4% Cohumulone: 29 - 34% Characteristics: Spicy, piney flavor with some grapefruit.
Substitutes: Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer Citra (US) AA Range: 10 - 12% Beta: 3.5 - 4.5% Cohumulone: 22 - 24% Characteristics: Potent aroma of intense mango, tropical fruit and citrus.
I've heard complaints about Citra as a bittering hop Substitutes: Galaxy, Centennial, Nelson Sauvin Cluster AA Range: 5.5 - 8.5% Characteristics: Pungent bittering hop; spicy, floral aroma. Substitutes: Galena, Northern Brewer Columbus / Tomahawk / Zeus (CTZ) (US) AA Range: 14 - 16% Beta: 4.5 - 5.5% Cohumulone: 30 - 35% Characteristics: Dank, earthy, resin. Hood, Hersbrucker, Liberty, Hallertau Dana (Slovenia) AA Range: 11 - 16% Beta: 4.8 - 6% Cohumulone: 28 - 31% Characteristics: A psuedo-Noble hop with a rustic, musty spiciness and mild bitterness. Substitutes: N/A East Kent Goldings (UK) AA Range: 4.5 - 6.5% Beta: 1.9 - 2.8% Cohumulone: 28 - 32% Characteristics: A popular, traditional English hop with gentle fragrant aroma. Can taste like cherry Jolly Ranchers in extra-hoppy beers.
But so far, I have not found an extensive, complete, easy-to-skim, easy-to-print hop resource even on the internet, and I usually end up searching between a number of (still great) sites.
Many of these have much more information on each hop than I generally need at the time, since each hop is given its own page — a format that's not really printer (or last-minute shopping) friendly.
So where can you find an easily-readable, printable, complete guide to every hop variety? Admiral (UK) AA Range: 13.5 - 16% Characteristics: Bred as a replacement for Target with a less harsh bitterness. Substitutes: Target, Challenger Ahtanum AA Range: 5.7 - 6.3% Characteristics: Citrus and floral character, with grapefruit qualities said to be stronger than in Cascade. Substitutes: Cascade, Amarillo Amarillo AA Range: 18 - 22% Beta: 5.5 - 8% Cohumulone: 24 - 28% Characteristics: Orange, with some resin. Substitutes: Summit Aramis (US) AA Range: 8% Characteristics: Herbal, floral, earthy, lemon.
Flavor is a bit smoother, less specific but still intense.
Extremely effective as a dry hop and late addition hop. Substitutes: Fuggle, First Gold, Williamette El Dorado AA Range: 14 - 16% Characteristics: An intense, candy-like aroma of cherry, pear and fruit.
Fortunately, I can answer that question, as I just spent a ridiculous number of hours making such a resource. Substitutes: N/A Belma (US) AA Range: 12% Characteristics: Clean fruity hoppiness; strawberry, melon, mild citrus.
Click through for my experience with Belma in a single hop IPA.
Substitutes: Pacific Gem Bramling Cross (UK) AA Range: 7 - 10% Characteristics: Strong and spicy English hop. Substitutes: East Kent Goldings, Progress, Brewer's Gold Bravo (US) AA Range: 14 - 17% Characteristics: Smooth, mild flavor; fruity, floral. Substitutes: Warrior Brewer's Gold AA Range: 7.7 - 9.1% Beta: 6.4 - 7.1% Cohumulone: 33 - 40% Characteristics: Ubiquitous American hop; citrusy grapefruit character.
Substitutes: Centennial Cashmere (US) AA Range: 4.5 - 7.0% Beta: 4.8 - 7% Cohumulone: 22 - 24% Characteristics: Mild herbal aroma with strong melon, lemon, lime and slightly spicy notes. Substitutes: N/A Centennial (US) AA Range: 9 - 12% Beta: 3.5 - 4.5% Cohumulone: 28 - 30% Characteristics: Balanced fruity citrus / stone-fruit character. Substitutes: Cascade, Citra Challenger (UK) AA Range: 6 - 9 % Characteristics: Clean bittering hop with strong, spicy aroma.
I love that there are so absurdly many types of hops out there, with new ones being bred all the time.
But this very reason to master the Way of the Hop can make it hard to do so. Yet this should be no reason to sub in Cascade yet again.