Within their own countries, dominant parties ruling over one-party states are often referred to simply as the Party.
For example, in reference to the Soviet Union, the Party meant the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; in reference to the former People's Republic of Poland it referred to the Polish United Workers' Party.
Most one-party states have been ruled either by parties following the ideology of Marxism-Leninism and international solidarity (such as the Soviet Union for most of its existence), or by parties following some type of nationalist or fascist ideology (such as Italy under Benito Mussolini), or by parties that came to power in the wake of independence from colonial rule.
Most often, proponents of a one-party state argue that the existence of separate parties runs counter to national unity.Others argue that the one party is the vanguard of the people, and therefore its right to rule cannot be legitimately questioned.The Soviet government argued that multiple parties represented the class struggle, which was absent in Soviet society, and so the Soviet Union only had one party: the Communist Party.Some one-party states only outlaw opposition parties, while allowing subordinate allied parties to exist as part of a permanent coalition such as a popular front.A one-party state, single-party state, 1-party state, one-party system, single-party system, or 1-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections.Examples of this are the People's Republic of China under the United Front, or the National Front in former East Germany.Others may allow non-party members to run for legislative seats, as was the case with Taiwan's Tangwai movement in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as the Soviet Union.Sometimes the term de facto one-party state is used to describe a dominant-party system that, unlike the one-party state, allows (at least nominally) democratic multiparty elections, but the existing practices or balance of political power effectively prevent the opposition from winning the elections.One-party states explain themselves through various methods.One-party states are often, but not always, considered to be authoritarian or totalitarian.